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Places and geographical objects on the map of Abkhazia.

Map of Abkhazia district in Georgia

Basic information about Abkhazia
Abkhazia (Abkhaz: Аҧсны́ Apsny [apʰsˈnɨ]; Georgian: აფხაზეთი Apkhazeti [apʰxazɛtʰi]; Russian: Абхазия Abkhaziya) is a partially recognised state controlled by a separatist government on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the Caucasus. Abkhazia considers itself an independent state, called the Republic of Abkhazia or Aphsny. This status is recognised by Russia, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru and also by the partially recognised state of South Ossetia and the unrecognised Transnistria and Nagorno-Karabakh. The Georgian government, the United Nations and the majority of the world's governments consider Abkhazia a part of Georgia's territory, though Georgia does not control it. Under Georgia's official designation it is an autonomous republic, called the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia. The status of Abkhazia is a central issue of the Georgian–Abkhazian conflict. The wider region formed part of the Soviet Union until 1991. As the Soviet Union began to disintegrate towards the end of the 1980s, ethnic tensions grew between the Abkhaz and Georgians over Georgia's moves towards independence. This led to the 1992–1993 War in Abkhazia that resulted in a Georgian military defeat, de facto independence of Abkhazia and the mass exodus and ethnic cleansing of the Georgian population from Abkhazia. In spite of the 1994 ceasefire agreement and years of negotiations, the status dispute has not been resolved, and despite the long-term presence of a United Nations monitoring force and a Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) peacekeeping operation, the conflict has flared up on several occasions. In August 2008, the sides again fought during the South Ossetia War, which was followed by the formal recognition of Abkhazia by Russia, the annulment of the 1994 ceasefire agreement and the termination of the UN and OSCE missions. On 28 August 2008, the Parliament of Georgia passed a resolution declaring Abkhazia a Russian-occupied territory. A major part of the international community considers Abkhazia to be occupied by the Russian military. Russia does not allow the European Union Monitoring Mission (EUMM) to enter Abkhazia. Abkhazia, Transnistria, Nagorno-Karabakh, and South Ossetia are post-Soviet \frozen conflict\ zones. These four states maintain friendly relations with each other and form the Community for Democracy and Rights of Nations.
Cities, towns & villages in Abkhazia
NameDescriptionShow
Och’amch’ire Show Och’amch’ireon the map
LikhniLykhny (Georgian: ლიხნი, Abkhaz and Russian: Лыхны) is a village in the Gudauta District of Abkhazia, a disputed region on the Black Sea coast. The village lies along the narrow Black Sea plain of Abkhazia at an elevation of 50 meters above sea level. Lykhny is located five kilometers from the administrative center of Gudauta. There are several important historical monuments in and around Lykhny. Of particular importance are the 10-11th century Church of the Virgin Mary and the ruins of a two-storey palace which was used as a residence by the princes of Abkhazia (the palace collapsed in 1866 when the Russian punitive expedition attacked the village). An older monument, the fortress of Abaanta (built in the 7th century) is located at the edge of the village on the left bank of the Khipsta R Show Likhnion the map
AdzubzhaAdzyubzha (Georgian: Abkhaz: Аӡҩыбжьа; Russian: Адзю́бжа) is a rural settlement in the Ochamchira District of Abkhazia, Georgia’s breakaway republic. Situated at the mouth of Kodori River, the settlement was known as the most important centre of the Afro-Abkhazian population who lived in Adzyubzha and its vicinity. Show Adzubzhaon the map
EsheraEshera (Georgian: ეშერა; Abkhaz: Ешыра; Russian: Эшера) is a village in the Sukhumi district in Abkhazia, Georgia. It is a resort on the Black Sea coast, at the right side of Gumista river. Its altitude above sea level is around 30 m, the distance to Sukhumi is 16 km. Once a part of the Abkhazian ASSR of the Georgian SSR, Eshera is controlled by the de facto independent Republic of Abkhazia since 1993. Vladislav Ardzinba was born in Eshera. Show Esheraon the map
IlorganiIlori (Georgian: ილორი; Abkhaz: Елыр, Elyr; Russian: Илори) is a village in the Ochamchira District of Abkhazia, Georgia, located on the coast of the Black Sea. The elevation of the village is 10 meters above sea level. The location was first mentioned in the 11th century, AD. During the Middle Ages, Ilori became a part of the Principality of Odishi. The village is home to one of the most important western Georgian architectural sites of the Medieval Period, The Church of St. George of Ilori which was constructed in the first quarter of the 11th century, AD. Show Ilorganion the map
GagraGagra (Georgian: გაგრა; Abkhaz and Russian: Гагра) is a town in Abkhazia, sprawling for 5 km on the northeast coast of the Black Sea, at the foot of the Caucasus Mountains. Its subtropical climate made Gagra a popular health resort in Imperial Russian and Soviet times. It had a population of 26,636 in 1989, but this has fallen considerably due to the ethnic cleansing of Georgians in Abkhazia and other demographic shifts during and after the War in Abkhazia (1992–93). Show Gagraon the map
Ch’uburkhinjiChuburkhindji (Chuburkhinji; Georgian: Abkhaz: Хьацҳа or (known as Tzalamukhi until 1957) is a village in the Gali District of Abkhazia. As is the case in the rest of the district its population is almost exclusively Mingrelian (an ethnic subgroup of the Georgian people). The village is the place of regular quadripartite meetings known informally as the \"Chuburkhinji sessions\". The meetings have been suspended by the Abkhaz side since November 2006. Show Ch’uburkhinjion the map
Ganarjiis MukhuriGanarjiis Mukhuri (Georgian: known as contracted form: ganmukhuri) is a village in the Samegrelo-Zemo Svaneti region of western Georgia. It is situated near the border with Abkhazia (a breakaway region of Georgia) and the city of Zugdidi. In 2006, a patriot camp in Ganmukhuri was opened. On August 18, 2008, after the Russian-Georgian War, the village was occupied by Abkhazian separatists and Russian military forces. They burnt the patriot camp in Ganmukhuri. On September 9, 2008, Abkhaz separatists and the Russian military left Ganmukhuri. The village is currently controlled by the Georgian Police. Show Ganarjiis Mukhurion the map
Stantsiya Novyy AfonNew Athos or Akhali Atoni (Georgian: ახალი ათონი, Akhali Atoni; Abkhaz: Афон Ҿыц, Afon Ch'yts; Russian: Новый Афон; Novy Afon, Greek: Νέος Άθως, Neos Athos) is a town in the Gudauta raion of Abkhazia, situated some 22 km (14 mi) from Sukhumi by the shores of the Black Sea. The town was previously known under the names Nikopol, Acheisos, Anakopia, Nikopia, Nikofia, Nikopsis, Absara, and Psyrtskha. New Athos Cave is one of the tourist attractions of Abkhazia,/Georgia. Show Stantsiya Novyy Afonon the map
LabraLabra (Armenian: Լաբրա, Abkhaz: Лабра, Georgian: ლაბრა ) is a village in Ochamchira district, Abkhazia. It is populated predominantly by Hamshen Armenians who founded the village in 1890 after emigration from Ordu in the Ottoman Empire. In February and March 1993, during the Georgian-Abkhazian war, Labra was looted and destroyed by Georgian forces, who subjected inhabitants to torture, rape and murder. Show Labraon the map
SokhumiSukhumi or Sokhumi (Abkhaz: Аҟәа, Aqwa; Georgian: სოხუმი, [sɔxumi] (13px listen); Russian: Сухум(и), Sukhum(i)) is the capital of the de facto independent Republic of Abkhazia. The majority of the international community consider it to be a part of Georgia, legally governed by the de jure Government of the Autonomous Republic of Abkhazia, even though Georgia has no control over Sukhumi and the rest of Abkhazia ever since the 1992-93 war in Abkhazia. The city suffered significant damage during the conflict in the early 1990s. The present-day population of 60,000 is only half the one at the end of the USSR era. Show Sokhumion the map
GudautaGudauta (Georgian: [gudɑutʰɑ] (13px listen); Abkhaz: Гәдоуҭа, Gwdowtha; Russian: Гудаута, Gudauta) is a town in Abkhazia and a centre of the eponymous district. It is situated on the Black Sea, 37 km northwest to Sukhumi, the capital of Abkhazia. 43°06′07″N 40°37′29″E / 43.10199°N 40.6248°E Show Gudautaon the map
Tqvarch'eliTkvarcheli (Georgian: (13px listen); Abkhaz: Тҟəарчал, Tqwarchal; Russian: Ткварчели, Tkvarcheli) is a town in Abkhazia, Georgia. It is situated on the river Ghalidzga (Aaldzga) and a railroad connects it with Ochamchire. Show Tqvarch'elion the map
GaliGali (Georgian: გალი [gɑli] (13px listen); Abkhaz: Гал, Gal) is a town in Georgia, 77 km southeast to Sukhumi in region Abkhazia. It is the centre of Gali District and was in the United Nations security zone prior to the Russian veto of the UMOMIG Mission in 2009. As of 2011 the town has a population of 7 605 inhabitants. Show Galion the map
Otap’iOtap (or Otap'i) is a village and municipality in Ochamchira District, Abkhazia, a disputed part of Georgia. The village lies on the Otap River. Otap is noted for its karst cave, Abrskil Cave, which is a tourist attraction in the area. Show Otap’ion the map
ChkhaltaChkhalta (Georgian: ჩხალთა; Abkhaz: Чҳалҭа; Russian: Чхалта) is a village in the upper part of the Kodori Valley, situated in Gulripshi District, Abkhazia, a breakaway republic from Georgia. Show Chkhaltaon the map
Bich’vintaPitsunda or Bichvinta (Georgian: [bitʃʼvintʰɑ] (13px listen); Abkhaz: Пиҵунда; Russian: Пицунда) is a resort town in Gagra district of Abkhazia. Show Bich’vintaon the map
VashlovaniVashlovani (Georgian: is a village at an altitude of 200 meters from sea level in the Gagra District of Abkhazia, Georgia. Show Vashlovanion the map
MikelripshiMikelrypsh (Georgian: Abkhaz: Мқьалрыҧь, Russian: Микелрипш or Мкялрыпш) is a village in the Gagra District of Abkhazia. Show Mikelripshion the map
ImerkheviImerkhevi (Georgian: is a village at an altitude of 350 meters from sea level in the Gagra District of Abkhazia, Georgia. Show Imerkhevion the map
BaghnariBaghnari (Georgian: is a village at an altitude of 320 meters from sea level in the Gagra District of Abkhazia, Georgia. Show Baghnarion the map
MukhnariMukhnari (Georgian: is a village at an altitude of 320 meters from sea level in the Gagra District of Abkhazia, Georgia. Show Mukhnarion the map
ZeganiZegani (Georgian: ზეგანი) is a village at an altitude of 320 meters from sea level in the Gagra District of Abkhazia, Georgia. Show Zeganion the map
BediaBedia (Georgian: ბედია Abkhaz: Бедиа) is a village in the Gali Municipality of Georgia. Show Bediaon the map
GumaGuma (Georgian: შრომა) is a village in Abkhazia. Show Gumaon the map
States, regions, administrative units in Abkhazia
NameDescriptionShow
AbkhaziaAbkhazia (Abkhaz: Аҧсны́ Apsny [apʰsˈnɨ]; Georgian: Apkhazeti [ɑpʰxɑzɛtʰi]; Russian: Абха́зия, tr. Abkhа́ziya; IPA: [ɐpˈxazʲɪjə]) is a partially recognised state on the eastern coast of the Black Sea and the south-western flank of the Caucasus, south of Russia and northwest of Georgia proper. It covers 8,660 square kilometres (3,340 sq mi) and has a population of around 240,000. Its capital is Sukhumi. The separatist Abkhazian polity, formally the Republic of Abkhazia or Apsny, is recognised only by Russia and a small number of other countries. While Georgia lacks control over Abkhazia, the Georgian government, the United Nations and the majority of the world's governments consider Abkhazia part of Georgia, whose constitution designates the area the Autonomous Republic of AbkhaziaShow on map
Gulripshi districtGulripshi District (Georgian: რაიონი, Abkhaz: Гәылрыҧшь араион) is a district of Abkhazia, one of Georgia’s breakaway republics. It corresponds to the eponymous Georgian district. Its capital is Gulripshi, the town by the same name. Until the August 2008 Battle of the Kodori Valley, the north-eastern part of Gulripshi district was part of Upper Abkhazia, the corner of Abkhazia controlled by Georgia until the Battle of the Kodori Valley during the August 2008 South Ossetia War. Upper Abkhazia was home to 1,956 of the district's 19,918 inhabitants, most of whom were ethnic Svans (a subgroub of the Georgian people). Most of these fled before the battle and have not yet returned.Show on map
Gagra DistrictGagra District is a district of Abkhazia. It corresponds to the Georgian district by the same name. In medieval times, it was known as the southern part of Sadzen. It is located in the western part of Abkhazia, and the river Psou serves as a border with Krasnodar Krai of Russia. Its capital is Gagra, the town by the same name. The population of the Gagra town zone in 1989 was 77,079, but this number dropped dramatically following the collapse of the Soviet Union and the 1992-1993 war in Abkhazia, (including the ethnic cleansing of Georgians), to 37,002 at the time of the 2003 census. Ethnic Armenians now constitute a plurality in the district.Show on map
Ochamchira DistrictOchamchira district is a district of the partially recognised Abkhazia. Its capital is Ochamchire, the town by the same name. The district is smaller than the Ochamchire district in the de jure subdivision of Georgia, as some of its former territory is now part of Tkvarcheli district, formed by de facto Abkhaz authorities in 1995. The population of the Ochamchira district is 24,629 according to the 2003 census. Until the August 2008 Battle of the Kodori Valley, some mountainous parts of the district were still under Georgian control, as part of Upper Abkhazia.Show on map
Tkvarcheli districtTkvarcheli District (Georgian: რაიონი, Abkhaz: Тҟәарчал араион, Russian: район) is a district of the Republic of Abkhazia. It has no equivalent Georgian district, as it was newly formed in 1995 from parts of Ochamchira District and Gali District, centered on its eponymous capital, Tkvarcheli. The population of the district was 14,477 at the time of the 2003 census. By the 2011 census, it had increased to 16,012. Of note is Bedia Cathedral located within the district.Show on map
Sukhumi DistrictSukhumi district is a district of Abkhazia, Georgia’s breakaway republic. It corresponds to the eponymous Georgian municipality. Its capital is Sukhumi, the town by the same name, which is also the capital of entire Abkhazia. The population of the district is 11,531 according to the 2011 census. The city of Sukhumi is a separate administrative entity with more than 60,000 inhabitants.Show on map
Gudauta DistrictGudauta District is a district of Abkhazia, Georgia’s breakaway republic. It corresponds to the eponymous Georgian district. Its capital is Gudauta, the town by the same name. The population of the district was 34,869 at the time of the 2003 census, down from 57,334 in 1989. By the time of the 2011 Census, the population had increased to 36,775.Show on map
Gali DistrictShow on map
Lakes, rivers, streams and other bodies of water in Abkhazia
NameDescriptionShow
T’ba Rits’aLake Ritsa (Abkhaz: Риҵа, Georgian: რიწა, Russian: Рица) is a lake in the Caucasus Mountains, in the north-western part of Georgia, surrounded by mixed mountain forests and subalpine meadows. Its water is cold and clear. Mountains with heights of 2,200 to 3,500 m surround the lake. The region around Lake Ritsa is a part of the Euxine-Colchic deciduous forests ecoregion with a fairly high concentration of evergreen boxwood groves. Many specimens of the Nordmann Fir, which reach heights of over 70 metres (230 ft), are found around the lake.Show on map
K’odoriThe Kodori, also known as Kodor, (Abkhaz: Кәыдры, Kwydry; Georgian: კოდორი, Kodori) is one of the two largest rivers of Abkhazia, along with the Bzyb. It is formed by the joining of the rivers Sak'en and Gwandra. The Kodori is first among Abkhazia's rivers with respect to average annual discharge at 144 cubic metres per second (5,100 cu ft/s) and drainage basin area at 2,051 square kilometres (792 sq mi). It is second after the Bzyb with respect to length at 105 kilometres (65 mi) when combined with the Sak'en.Show on map
Mountains, roads, land forms, forests and other objects in Abkhazia
NameDescriptionShow
Mta ArabikaArabika Massif is a glacially eroded karst outcropping of the Gagra Range, Abkhazia in the West Caucasus, by the city of Gagra. The highest elevation is 2,661 metres (8,730 ft). The 13-km-long massif is composed of Lower Cretaceous and Upper Jurassic limestones that dip continuously southwest to the Black Sea and plunge below the modern sea level. The area is densely wooded, with large areas of both coniferous forest and mixed woodland.Show on map