Maps, Guides And More - Somalia

Maps, Guides & More

Places and geographical objects in Somalia. Zoom in the map to level 9 to see the objects on the map.

Map of Somalia

Basic information about Somalia
Somalia (/səˈmɑːliə, soʊ-, -ljə/ so-MAH-lee-ə; Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Arabic: جمهورية الصومال الفدرالية Jumhūrīyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fidirālīyah), is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on the continent's mainland, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands. Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall. Somalia has a population of around 10.8 million. Around 85% of its residents are ethnic Somalis, who have historically inhabited the northern part of the country. Ethnic minorities are largely concentrated in the southern regions. The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic, both of which belong to the Afroasiatic family. Most people in the country are Muslim, with the majority being Sunni. In antiquity, Somalia was an important commercial centre. It is among the most probable locations of the fabled ancient Land of Punt. During the Middle Ages, several powerful Somali empires dominated the regional trade, including the Ajuran Empire, the Adal Sultanate, the Warsangali Sultanate, and the Geledi Sultanate. In the late 19th century, through a succession of treaties with these kingdoms, the British and Italians gained control of parts of the coast and established the colonies of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland. In the interior, Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish State successfully repelled the British Empire four times and forced it to retreat to the coastal region. The Dervishes were finally defeated in 1920 by British airpower. Italy acquired full control of the northeastern and southern parts of the area after successfully waging the so-called Campaign of the Sultanates against the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo. Italian occupation lasted until 1941, yielding to British military administration. Northern Somalia would remain a protectorate, while southern Somalia became a United Nations Trusteeship under Italian administration in 1949. In 1960, the two regions united to form the independent Somali Republic under a civilian government. Mohamed Siad Barre seized power in 1969 and established the Somali Democratic Republic. In 1991, Barre's government collapsed as the Somali Civil War broke out. Various armed factions began competing for influence in the power vacuum, particularly in the south. During this period, due to the absence of a central government, Somalia was a \failed state\, and residents returned to customary and religious law in most regions. A few autonomous regions, including the Somaliland, Puntland, and Galmudug administrations, emerged in the north. The early 2000s saw the creation of fledgling interim federal administrations. The Transitional National Government (TNG) was established in 2000, followed by the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2004, which reestablished national institutions such as the military. In 2006, the TFG, assisted by Ethiopian troops, assumed control of most of the nation's southern conflict zones from the newly formed Islamic Courts Union (ICU). The ICU subsequently splintered into more radical groups such as Al-Shabaab, which battled the TFG and its AMISOM allies for control of the region. Due to the instability, violence, and protracted lack of a permanent central authority, Somalia also topped the Failed States Index (FSI) between 2008 and 2013. By mid-2012, the insurgents had lost most of the territory that they had seized. In 2011–2012, a political process providing benchmarks for the establishment of permanent democratic institutions was launched. Within this administrative framework a new provisional constitution was passed in August 2012, whicSomalia (/səˈmɑːliə, soʊ-, -ljə/ so-MAH-lee-ə; Somali: Soomaaliya; Arabic: الصومال aṣ-Ṣūmāl), officially the Federal Republic of Somalia (Somali: Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliya, Arabic: جمهورية الصومال الفدرالية Jumhūrīyat aṣ-Ṣūmāl al-Fidirālīyah), is a country located in the Horn of Africa. It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Somalia has the longest coastline on the continent's mainland, and its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains and highlands. Climatically, hot conditions prevail year-round, with periodic monsoon winds and irregular rainfall. Somalia has a population of around 10.8 million. Around 85% of its residents are ethnic Somalis, who have historically inhabited the northern part of the country. Ethnic minorities are largely concentrated in the southern regions. The official languages of Somalia are Somali and Arabic, both of which belong to the Afroasiatic family. Most people in the country are Muslim, with the majority being Sunni. In antiquity, Somalia was an important commercial centre. It is among the most probable locations of the fabled ancient Land of Punt. During the Middle Ages, several powerful Somali empires dominated the regional trade, including the Ajuran Empire, the Adal Sultanate, the Warsangali Sultanate, and the Geledi Sultanate. In the late 19th century, through a succession of treaties with these kingdoms, the British and Italians gained control of parts of the coast and established the colonies of British Somaliland and Italian Somaliland. In the interior, Mohammed Abdullah Hassan's Dervish State successfully repelled the British Empire four times and forced it to retreat to the coastal region. The Dervishes were finally defeated in 1920 by British airpower. Italy acquired full control of the northeastern and southern parts of the area after successfully waging the so-called Campaign of the Sultanates against the ruling Majeerteen Sultanate and Sultanate of Hobyo. Italian occupation lasted until 1941, yielding to British military administration. Northern Somalia would remain a protectorate, while southern Somalia became a United Nations Trusteeship under Italian administration in 1949. In 1960, the two regions united to form the independent Somali Republic under a civilian government. Mohamed Siad Barre seized power in 1969 and established the Somali Democratic Republic. In 1991, Barre's government collapsed as the Somali Civil War broke out. Various armed factions began competing for influence in the power vacuum, particularly in the south. During this period, due to the absence of a central government, Somalia was a \failed state\, and residents returned to customary and religious law in most regions. A few autonomous regions, including the Somaliland, Puntland, and Galmudug administrations, emerged in the north. The early 2000s saw the creation of fledgling interim federal administrations. The Transitional National Government (TNG) was established in 2000, followed by the formation of the Transitional Federal Government (TFG) in 2004, which reestablished national institutions such as the military. In 2006, the TFG, assisted by Ethiopian troops, assumed control of most of the nation's southern conflict zones from the newly formed Islamic Courts Union (ICU). The ICU subsequently splintered into more radical groups such as Al-Shabaab, which battled the TFG and its AMISOM allies for control of the region. Due to the instability, violence, and protracted lack of a permanent central authority, Somalia also topped the Failed States Index (FSI) between 2008 and 2013. By mid-2012, the insurgents had lost most of the territory that they had seized. In 2011–2012, a political process providing benchmarks for the establishment of permanent democratic institutions was launched. Within this administrative framework a new provisional constitution was passed in August 2012, whic
DivisionDescriptionShow
SanaagSanaag (Somali: Sanaag, Arabic: سناج‎‎ ) is an administrative region (gobol) in northern Somalia. Its capital city is Erigavo.Sanaag has a long coastline facing the Gulf of Aden to the north, and is bordered by the Somali regions of Woqooyi Galbeed, Togdheer, Sool and Bari. The most important towns in the region are Erigavo, Badhan, Las Khorey, Dhahar, Laako, El Afweyn, Buraan, Kulmiye, Yufle, Hadaftimo, Mindigale, Hingalol, Heis, Yubbe, El Buh, Damale Hagare, Maydh, El Ayo, Armale, Fiqifuliye and Gar Adag. Local control of Sanaag is disputed between Somaliland and Puntland.Show on map
SoolShow on map
Woqooyi GalbeedWoqooyi Galbeed (Somali: Woqooyi Galbeed, Arabic: وقويي جالبيد‎‎), also known as Maroodi Jeex, is an administrative region (gobol) in northwestern Somalia. It is situated in the autonomous Somaliland macro-region.Show on map
TogdheerTogdheer (Somali: Togdheer, Arabic: تُوجدَير‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in northwestern Somalia. It is situated in the autonomous Somaliland macro-region.Show on map
Lower ShabeelleLower Shebelle (Somali: Shabeellaha Hoose, Arabic: شبيلي السفلى‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in southern Somalia.Show on map
Middle ShabeleMiddle Shebelle (Somali: Shabeellaha Dhexe, Arabic: شبيلي الوسطى‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in southern Somalia.Show on map
NugaalNugal (Somali: Nugaal, Arabic: نوغال‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in northeastern Somalia.Show on map
MudugMudug (Somali: Mudug, Arabic: مدق‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in north-central Somalia.Show on map
Lower JubaLower Juba (Somali: Jubbada Hoose, Arabic: جوبا السفلى‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in southern Somalia. With its capital at Kismayo, it lies in the autonomous Jubaland region. It has green forests and wild life animals such as lions, giraffes, hippos, crocodiles, and hyenas. Lower Juba is bordered by Kenya, the Somali regions of Gedo, Middle Juba (Jubbada Dhexe), and the Indian Ocean. The province is named after the Jubba River that passes through it and empties into the Indian Ocean at Goobweyn. The Lag Badana National Park is situated in Lower Juba.Show on map
Middle JubaMiddle Juba (Somali: Jubbada Dhexe, Arabic: جوبا الأوسط‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in southern Somalia. With its capital at Bu'aale, it is located in the autonomous Jubaland region. Middle Juba is bordered by the Somali regions of Gedo, Bay, Lower Shebelle (Shabellaha Hoose), Lower Juba (Jubbada Hoose), and the Indian Ocean. The region is named after the Jubba River that runs through it.Show on map
HiiraanHiran (Somali: Hiiraan, Arabic: هيران‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in south-central Somalia.Show on map
GedoGedo (Somali: Gedo, Arabic: جوبا الوسطى‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol), formerly part of the historic Upper Juba Region in southern Somalia. Its regional capital is Garbahaarreey. Gedo is a region created in 1980s and is bordered by the Ogaden in Ethiopia, the North Eastern Province in Kenya, and the Somali regions of Bakool, Bay, Jubbada Dhexe (Middle Juba), and Jubbada Hoose (Lower Juba) further down east. The southern parts of Gedo, west of the Jubba River, used to be part of the old British Transjuba region during half of the seventy years of colonial era in Africa from 1890 to 1960. The British and Italians fought over twice in this area of Horn of Africa. Gedo region's population exploded in the last twenty years reaching almost one million in the early 1990s after the civilShow on map
GalguduudGalguduud (Somali: Galgaduud, Arabic: جلجدود‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in central Somalia.Show on map
BayBay (Somali: Baay, Arabic: باي‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in southern Somalia.Show on map
BariBari (Somali: Bari, Arabic: باري‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in northeastern Somalia.Show on map
BanaadirBanaadir (or Banādir, Arabic: بنادر‎‎) is an administrative region (gobol) in southeastern Somalia.Show on map
BakoolBakool (Somali: Bakool, Arabic: باكول‎‎) is a region (gobol) in southwestern Somalia.Show on map
AwdalAwdal (Somali: Awdal أودال, Arabic: عدل‎‎) is disputed cotrol an autonomous Awdalland region of Somalia and administrative region in Somaliland. It was separated from Woqooyi Galbeed and became a province in 1984. It is the north-western most province of Somalia. To the east it borders Maroodi Jeex and to its north-west it borders Djibouti, to its south and south-west lies Ethiopia and the Gulf of Aden to its north. According to the regional health authority, the population of the region is estimated in between 970,000 and 1,150,000 The region comprises the 4 districts of Borama, the regional capital, Baki, Lughaya, andZeila (now the regional capital of newly established but not legally approved)Show on map