Maps, Guides And More - Libya

Maps, Guides & More

Places and geographical objects in Libya. Zoom in the map to level 9 to see the objects on the map.

Map of Libya

Basic information about Libya
Libya (Arabic: ليبيا Lībiyā) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the 16th largest country in the world. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over one million of Libya's six million people. The other large city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya. Libya has been inhabited by Berbers since the late Bronze Age. The Phoenicians established trading posts in western Libya, and Ancient Greek colonists established city-states in eastern Libya. Libya was variously ruled by Persians, Egyptians and Greeks before becoming a part of the Roman Empire. Libya was an early center of Christianity. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area of Libya was mostly occupied by the Vandals until the 7th century, when invasions brought Islam and Arab colonization. In the sixteenth century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights of St John occupied Tripoli, until Ottoman rule began in 1551. Libya was involved in the Barbary Wars of the 18th and 19th centuries. Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from 1911 to 1943. During the Second World War Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign. The Italian population then went into decline. Libya became an independent kingdom in 1951. In 1969, a military coup overthrew King Idris I, beginning a period of brutal suppression of dissent. The most prominent coup conspirator, Muammar Gaddafi, was ultimately able to fully concentrate power in his own hands during the Libyan Cultural Revolution, remaining in power until the Libyan Civil War of 2011, in which the rebels were supported by NATO. Since then, Libya has experienced instability and political violence which has severely affected both commerce and oil production. The European Union is involved in an operation to disrupt human trafficking networks exploiting refugees fleeing from the war for Europe. At least two political bodies claim to be the government of Libya. The Council of Deputies is internationally recognized as the legitimate government, but it does not hold territory in the capital, Tripoli, instead meeting in the Cyrenaica city of Tobruk. Meanwhile, the New General National Congress purports to be the legal continuation of the General National Congress, elected in the Libyan General National Congress election, 2012 and was dissolved following the June 2014 elections but then reconvened by a minority of its members. The Supreme Court in the Libya Dawn and New General National Congress-controlled Tripoli declared the Tobruk government unconstitutional in November 2014, but the internationally recognized government has rejected the ruling as made under threat of violence. Parts of Libya are outside of either government's control, with various Islamist, rebel, and tribal militias administering some cities and areas. The United Nations is sponsoring peace talks between the Tobruk and Tripoli-based factions. An agreement to form a unified interim government was signed on 17 December 2015. Under the terms of the agreement, a nine-member Presidency Council and a seventeen-member interim Government of National Accord would be formed, with a view to holding new elections within two years.Libya (Arabic: ليبيا Lībiyā) is a country in the Maghreb region of North Africa bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad and Niger to the south, and Algeria and Tunisia to the west. The three traditional parts of the country are Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the 16th largest country in the world. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over one million of Libya's six million people. The other large city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya. Libya has been inhabited by Berbers since the late Bronze Age. The Phoenicians established trading posts in western Libya, and Ancient Greek colonists established city-states in eastern Libya. Libya was variously ruled by Persians, Egyptians and Greeks before becoming a part of the Roman Empire. Libya was an early center of Christianity. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area of Libya was mostly occupied by the Vandals until the 7th century, when invasions brought Islam and Arab colonization. In the sixteenth century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights of St John occupied Tripoli, until Ottoman rule began in 1551. Libya was involved in the Barbary Wars of the 18th and 19th centuries. Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from 1911 to 1943. During the Second World War Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign. The Italian population then went into decline. Libya became an independent kingdom in 1951. In 1969, a military coup overthrew King Idris I, beginning a period of brutal suppression of dissent. The most prominent coup conspirator, Muammar Gaddafi, was ultimately able to fully concentrate power in his own hands during the Libyan Cultural Revolution, remaining in power until the Libyan Civil War of 2011, in which the rebels were supported by NATO. Since then, Libya has experienced instability and political violence which has severely affected both commerce and oil production. The European Union is involved in an operation to disrupt human trafficking networks exploiting refugees fleeing from the war for Europe. At least two political bodies claim to be the government of Libya. The Council of Deputies is internationally recognized as the legitimate government, but it does not hold territory in the capital, Tripoli, instead meeting in the Cyrenaica city of Tobruk. Meanwhile, the New General National Congress purports to be the legal continuation of the General National Congress, elected in the Libyan General National Congress election, 2012 and was dissolved following the June 2014 elections but then reconvened by a minority of its members. The Supreme Court in the Libya Dawn and New General National Congress-controlled Tripoli declared the Tobruk government unconstitutional in November 2014, but the internationally recognized government has rejected the ruling as made under threat of violence. Parts of Libya are outside of either government's control, with various Islamist, rebel, and tribal militias administering some cities and areas. The United Nations is sponsoring peace talks between the Tobruk and Tripoli-based factions. An agreement to form a unified interim government was signed on 17 December 2015. Under the terms of the agreement, a nine-member Presidency Council and a seventeen-member interim Government of National Accord would be formed, with a view to holding new elections within two years.
DivisionDescriptionShow
DarnahDarnah Province (called in Italian Provincia italiana di Derna) was one of the provinces of Libya under Italian rule. It was established in 1937 with the official name: \Commissariato Generale Provinciale di Derna\. Derna province was called only \Darnah District\ after WWII.Show on map
Sha`biyat GhatGhat (Berber: Ɣat; Arabic: غات‎‎ Ġāt) is one of the districts of Libya. Its capital is Ghat. To the west, Ghat borders two provinces of Algeria: Tamanghasset in the far southwest, and Illizi Province otherwise. It also has a short border with the Agadez Department of Niger in the far south. Domestically, it borders the following districts: \n* Wadi Al Shatii - north \n* Wadi Al Hayaa - northeast \n* Murzuq - eastShow on map
BanghaziBenghazi /bɛnˈɡɑːzi/ (Arabic: بنغازي‎‎ Banghāzī) is the second largest city in Libya, and the largest in Cyrenaica. A port on the Mediterranean Sea, in the Kingdom of Libya Benghazi had joint-capital status alongside Tripoli, possibly because the King and the Senussi royal family were associated with Cyrenaica rather than Tripolitania. The city was also provisional capital of the National Transitional Council.Benghazi continues to hold institutions and organizations normally associated with a national capital city, such as the country's parliament, national library, and the headquarters of Libyan Airlines, the national airline, and of the National Oil Corporation. This creates a constant atmosphere of rivalry and sensitivities between Benghazi and Tripoli, and between Cyrenaica and TripoliShow on map
Al MarjMarj /ˈmɑːrdʒ/ (Arabic: المرج‎‎ Al Marǧ, English: The Meadows), also spelt El Merj, generally believed to be on the site of the ancient city of Barca or Barce, is a city in northeastern Libya and the administrative seat of the Marj District. It lies in an upland valley separated from the Mediterranean Sea by a range of hills, part of the Jebel Akhdar Mountains. It has an estimated population of 85,315 (As of 2004). There are a couple of banks on the main street and the main post office is in the city centre, not far from the Abu Bakr Assiddiq mosque.Show on map
Al KufrahKufra or Kofra (Arabic: الكفرة‎‎ Al Kufra), also spelled Cufra, is the largest district of Libya. Its capital is Al Jawf, one of the oases in Kufra basin. There is a very large oil refinery near the capital. In the late 15th century, Leo Africanus reported an oasis in the land of the Berdoa, visited by a caravan coming from Awjila. It is possible that this oasis was identical with either the Al Jawf or the Taiserbo oasis, and on early modern maps, the Al Kufra region was often labelled as Berdoa based on this report. Domestically, it borders the following districts:Show on map
Al Jabal al AkhdarJabal al Akhdar (Arabic: الجبل الأخضر‎‎ al-Jabal al-Akhḍar, English: Green Mountains), also known as Jebel el-Akhdar, is one of the districts of Libya. It lies in the north east of the country. The capital is Bayda. In its territory, close to the city of Shahhat, can be found the remains of the old Greek colony of Cyrene, and the neighbouring city of Apollonia, a major port in the Mediterranean Sea in antiquity. \n* Derna - east \n* Al Wahat - south \n* Marj - westShow on map
TripoliTripoli District (Arabic: طرايلس عروس البحر‎‎, Aros Al baher Ṭarābulus) is one of the 22 first level subdivisions (بلدية) of Libya. Its capital and largest city is Tripoli, the national capital. Tripoli District is in the Tripolitania region of northwestern Libya. History From 2001 to 2007 the Tripoli District shabiya was smaller than formerly, including only the city of Tripoli and its immediate surroundings. In the 2007 administrative reorganization of Libya the earlier borders of the former Tripoli baladiya (1983–1995) were restored.Show on map
SurtSirte District (or Sirt or Surt District; Arabic: سرت‎‎ Surt, ), is one of the districts of Libya. It lies in the north of the country and borders the Gulf of Sidra. Its capital is the city of Sirte. Al-Tahadi University is located in Sirte.Show on map
SabhaSabha (Arabic: سبها‎‎ Sabhā) is one of the districts of Libya. It is located near the center of the country, in the Fezzan region. The capital is the city of Sabha, with a population of 130,000. The district populations' ethnicity is primarily a mixture of Arab, Bedouin, and Sub-Saharan African Black descent. People of each ethnicity ('unmixed') are also common.Show on map
Sha`biyat NalutNalut (sometimes Lalút) (Arabic: نالوت‎‎) is the capital of the Nalut District in Libya. Nalut lies approximately halfway between Tripoli and Ghadames, at the western end of the Nafusa Mountains coastal range, in the Tripolitania region. The town is a long-time Berber community.Show on map
MurzuqMurzuq (Arabic: مرزق‎‎ Murzuq) is one of the districts of Libya. It is in the south of the country. Its capital is Murzuk. The city was occupied by the Ottoman Empire in 1578 and served as the capital of Fezzan off and on until the Ottomans ceded Libya to Italy in 1912. It was not occupied by the Italians until 1914.Show on map
MisratahMisrata (Arabic: مصراته‎‎ Miṣrātah, Libyan Arabic: Məṣrātah), also spelt Misurata or Misratah, is a sha'biyah (district) in northwestern Libya. Its capital is the city of Misrata. In 2007 the district was enlarged to include what had been the Bani Walid District and the northernmost strip of coast of the Gulf of Sidra, that from 2001 to 2007 had been part of Sirte District.Show on map
Az ZawiyahZawiya (Arabic: مدينة الزاوية‎‎ Az Zāwiya) is one of the districts of Libya. It is located in the north western part of the country, in what had been the historical region of Tripolitania. Its capital is also named Zawiya. Since the 2007 reorganization of Libyan districts, the former district of Sabratha Wa Surman has been part of Zawiya District. In the north, Zawiya has a shoreline bordering the Mediterranean Sea. On land, it borders the following districts: \n* Tripoli - east \n* Jafara - southeast \n* Jabal al Gharbi - south \n* Nuqat al Khams - westShow on map
Sha'biyat Wadi ash Shati'Wadi al Shati (Arabic: وادي الشاطئ‎‎ ), sometimes referred to as Ashati (Arabic: الشاطئ‎‎ ), is one of the districts of Libya in the central-west part of the country. The area is mostly desert. To the west, Wadi al Shati borders the Illizi Province of Algeria. After the 2007 administrative reorganization of districts, it borders on the following districts: \n* Nalut - northwest \n* Jabal al Gharbi - north \n* Jufra - east \n* Sabha - southeast \n* Wadi al Hayaa - south \n* Ghat - southwestShow on map
Al JufrahJufra or Jofra (Arabic: الجفرة‎‎ Al Jufrah) is one of the districts of Libya. It is in the centre of the country. Its capital is Hun. Jufra was originally one of the 25 baladiya in the administrative system of Libya established in 1988. In 2001 It became a Shabiya, and its territorial extension was reduced. In 2007, under the new 22-shabiya system, its original boundaries were reintroduced (see maps). Jufra borders the following districts: \n* Sirte - north \n* Al Wahat - northeast \n* Kufra - east \n* Murzuq - south \n* Sabha - southwest \n* Wadi al Shatii - west \n* Jabal al Gharbi - northwestShow on map
An Nuqat al KhamsNuqat al Khams (Arabic: النقاط الخمس‎‎ Nuqāṭ al Ḫams) is one of the districts of Libya. It is in the northwest of the country, in what had been the historical region of Tripolitania. Its capital is Jumayl. With the creation of the shabiyah system, Nuqat al Khams was reduced in size. In the north, Nuqat al Khams has a shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. To the west, it borders the Medenine Governorate of Tunisia. Domestically, it borders the following districts: \n* Zawiya - east \n* Jabal al Gharbi - southeast \n* Nalut - southwestShow on map
Sha`biyat al ButnanButnan (Arabic: البطنان‎‎ Al Buṭnān) sometimes called Tubruq District or Tobruk District from the former name, occasionally Marmarica, is an administrative district (shabiyah) in eastern Libya. Its capital city is Tobruk. In the north, Butnan has a shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. To the east, it borders Egypt's Matruh Governorate, along with a small border on the Al Wadi al Jadid Governorate in the far southeast. Domestically, it borders the following districts: \n* Derna - northwest \n* Al Wahat - west and south The most important settlements are Tobruk, Jaghbub and BardiaShow on map
Jabal al GharbiJabal al Gharbi (Arabic: الجبل الغربي‎‎ Al Ǧabal al Gharbi, English: The Western Mountains) is one of the districts of Libya. It is named after the Nafusa Mountains. It was formed in 2007 from the former districts of Yafran, Gharyan and Mizda. From 1995 to 1998 Jabal al Gharbi also existed as a Baladiyah. Jabal al Gharbi borders the following districts:Show on map
Sha`biyat al JafarahJafara or Al Jfara (Arabic: الجفارة‎‎ Al Jifārah) is one of the districts of Libya, in the historical region of Tripolitania. Its capital and largest city is 'Aziziya. Jafara borders the following districts: \n* Tripoli - northeast \n* Jabal al Gharbi - south \n* Zawiya - west From 2001 to 2007, Jafara District consisted of twenty Basic People's Congresses (BPCs). In 2007 it was enlarged by the addition of four BPCs from Tarabulus District (Tripoli), and presently consists of twenty-four Basic People's Congresses.Show on map
Al MarqabMurqub (Arabic: المرقب‎‎ Al Murqub), sometimes spelt Al Murgub or Al Marqab or al-Morqib, is one of the districts of Libya. According to the 2006 census, the population was 432,202. The main city and capital is Khoms. The widely visited UNESCO World Heritage Site of Leptis Magna is also located in the district. In the north, Murqub has a shoreline on the Mediterranean Sea. On land, it borders the following districts: \n* Misrata to the east and south \n* Tripoli to the northwest \n* Jabal al Gharbi to the westShow on map
Sha`biyat al WahatAl Wahat (Arabic: الواحات‎‎ Al Wāḥāt, English: The Oases), occasionally spelt Al Wahad or Al Wahah (English: The Oasis) is one of the districts of Libya. Its capital and largest city is Ajdabiya.Show on map
Sha`biyat Wadi al HayatWadi al Hayaa (Arabic: وادي الحياة‎‎ Wādī al Ḥayāh) is one of the districts of Libya. Its capital is the city of Ubari.Show on map